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  1. #1
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    Default personal pronouns

    Hello,

    Can somebody explain the personal pronouns?
    When to use which one and soms examples of them in a sentence.
    i wrote some of it down but am not sure if it is corect and not complete.
    please help me out because i really don't understand! thanks!


    Nominative case:
    eu i
    tu you
    el he
    ea she
    noi we
    voi you
    ei/ele they



    Accusative case:

    Stresses:
    mine me
    tine you
    el him
    ea her
    noi us
    voi you
    ei/ele them
    sine his-her-them selves

    Unstressed:
    ma me
    te you
    il him
    o her
    ne us
    va you
    ii/le them
    se his-her-them selves


    Dative case:

    stressed:
    mie to me
    tie to you
    lui to him
    ei to her
    noua to us
    voua to you
    lor to them

    unstressed:
    imi to me
    iti to you
    ii to him
    ii to her
    ne to us
    va to you
    le to them
    isi to his-her-them selves


    ???:

    meu my
    tau your
    lui his
    ei her
    nostru our
    vostru your
    lor their


    ???:

    ? mine
    ? yours
    ? his
    ? hers
    ? ours
    ? yours
    ? theirs

  2. #2
    Senior Member Mimi0920's Avatar
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    Hey there

    Well, I don't know how to explain it but I'll try to give you some examples:

    Nominative:
    Eu invat limba româna. - I am studying Romanian.
    Tu esti din România. - You are from Romania.
    El are o casa mare. - He has a big house.
    Ea are o casa mare - She has a big house.
    Noi nu intelegem gramatica româna. - We don't understand Romanian grammar.
    Voi sunteti prietenii nostri. - You (plural) are our friends.
    Ei sunt bogati. - They (for a group of males or males+females) are rich.
    Ele sunt sarace. - They (group of females) are poor.

  3. #3
    Senior Member Mimi0920's Avatar
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    Accusative:

    Unstressed forms:

    Ma iubesti. - You love me.
    Te iubesc. - I love you.
    Il vad. - I see him.
    O vad. - I see her.
    Ne intalnim - We meet each other.
    Va cunoastem - We know you (plural).
    Ii vad. - I see them (group of males or males+females).
    Le vad. - I see them (group of females).

    Stressed forms:
    If you want to stress the pronoun, you have to use the unstressed form of the accusative pronoun (see above) plus the stressed one.
    Do this to the sentences above and it'll look like this:

    Ma iubesti doar pe mine. - You love only me.
    Te iubesc doar pe tine. - I love only you.
    Il vad pe el. - I see him (and not somebody else!).
    O vad pe ea. - I see her.
    Ne intalnim pe noi. - We meet each other.
    Va cunoastem pe voi. - We know you (plural).
    Ii vad pe ei. - I see them (group of males or males+females).
    Le vad pe ele. - I see them (group of females).

  4. #4
    Senior Member Mimi0920's Avatar
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    Dative:

    Unstressed:

    Imi dai banii tai? - Do you give me your money?
    Iti aduc un cadou. - I 'm bringing you a present.
    Ii dau ciocolata. - I give him the chocolate.
    Ii dau ciocolata. - I give her the chocolate.
    Ne cumperi o masina? - Do you buy us a car?
    Va cumpar o masina. - I buy them a car.
    Le aducem un suvenir. - We bring them a souvenir.

    Stressed:
    As in accusative case, you have to use both the stressed and the unstressed pronoun in the same sentence:

    Imi dai mie banii tai? - Do you give your money to me?
    Iti aduc tie un cadou. - I'm bringing you a present.
    Ii dau lui ciocolata. - I give the chocolate to him (not to somebody else!).
    Ii dau ei ciocolata. - I give the chocolate to her.
    Ne cumperi noua o masina? -Do you buy us a car?
    Va cumpar voua o masina. - I buy them a car.
    Le aducem lor un suvenir. - We bring them a souvenir.

  5. #5
    Senior Member Mimi0920's Avatar
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    @m.t: Enough for today I'll try finding examples for the genitive case tomorrow

    @all: Important note: I'm not a native (neither I speak Romanian that well), so if anybody wants to correct me, go ahead!!!

  6. #6
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    Thank you, i think i start to understand the stressed and unstressed thing

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