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  1. #101
    Senior Member baskarukebaskanoge's Avatar
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    Those "bejah, bejaše, bejaše...." are the imperfect tense forms of verb BITI (to be).
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperfect
    and here are the suffixes for the imperfect tense
    http://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%...BA%D0%B0%D1%82
    On the right side of that page you can find suffixes for other tenses, i think it's very useful. The bad thing is that the explanations are in Serbian... but i could try to translate it if you want.


    hehe, i didn't even see your reply, Dangerous&Moving.
    Ne bih da mislis da nesto zameram tvom odgovoru..

  2. #102
    Senior Member Nene's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Dangerous & Moving View Post
    it's form of verb to be in imperfect
    Quote Originally Posted by baskarukebaskanoge View Post
    Those "bejah, bejaše, bejaše...." are the imperfect tense forms of verb BITI (to be).
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperfect
    and here are the suffixes for the imperfect tense
    http://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%...BA%D0%B0%D1%82
    On the right side of that page you can find suffixes for other tenses, i think it's very useful. The bad thing is that the explanations are in Serbian... but i could try to translate it if you want.
    Thank you both! I've checked it...I understand what it stands for, but still need to practise to use it.

    Any more confusing surprises regarding the Serbian grammar???
    Mivel mindig az okos enged, már rég a hülyék uralkodnak...

  3. #103
    Senior Member baskarukebaskanoge's Avatar
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    Imperfect tense is not used very often. Sometimes it even sounds a little archaic. We usually use present, perfect, future I and II, and sometimes aorist. You really shouldn't bother yourelf with imperfect tense. Even some Serbs don't know how to use it corectly. There are more important things to be focused on.

    Surprises are yet to come!

  4. #104
    Senior Member Dangerous & Moving's Avatar
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    baskarukebaskanoge sve u redu

    in croatian, imperfect is also not used very often, but somehow I like it very much, to me it sounds gracious but well, that's just me
    ''Glupost je sama u sebe zaljubljena i njeno je samoljublje bezgranično.''

    ''Siamo niente senza fantasie''

    ''Наверное мне место на луне, но страшно оставаться в темноте''

  5. #105
    Senior Member Nur_Demir's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Vlada View Post
    ok I will continue if there's interest...
    molimmmmmmmmmmmm .. please continue
    Ostani do kraj,
    cekaj go denot nov sto se budi,
    ljubi me i znaj,
    ti si se sto sakam jas.

  6. #106
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    Quote Originally Posted by Vlada View Post
    COUNTRIES - DRŽAVE (ž is Ж on cyrillic, and it woudn't be problem for those who know some other slovenian language... I don't know how to explain, it's sometnihg between z and š...)
    For those who speak French, ž = j in "je" (I)

  7. #107
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    Quote Originally Posted by masarra View Post
    I have a question for serbian past tense. Why do you use "I am" when speaking in past tense?

    For instance:
    Sanjala sam - I dreamt
    Mogla sam - I could
    In many languages you build some tenses using auxiliaries.
    In French, to create the "passé composé" [a specific past tense], you use "to be ["ętre"] or "to have" ["avoir"] depending on the verb! In Italian as well ("essere" and "avere"). For once, Serbian is easier as it only uses "to be" :P
    In Spanish, you'll use "to have" ("haber").

    Even if it is quite different, you have something similar in English : I have dreamt. You use the auxiliary "to have" to built a new tense up!

    NB: I think you'll use sanjao/sanjala sam both to translate I have dreamt and I dreamt. Can someone tell me whether I'm right?

  8. #108
    Senior Member Nur_Demir's Avatar
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    Smile Fellow language students

    for fellow students.
    This site also helps.

    http://www.serbianschool.com/

    I go there to learn, there is also BYKI.com - before you know it - I have all balkan languages including cyrillic, Pimsleurs Croatian is another program I have, benson dictionary, lingvosoft Croatian, Bosnian, Serbian and talk now croatian. If anyone would like any of these softwares please send me a pm. I will put them somewhere accessable. For the native speakers that want to learn more English, I can help with that and any other language. I have Rosetta Stone language softwares also (27 languages in all) send me a pm or msn whichever I will be happy to share.
    Ostani do kraj,
    cekaj go denot nov sto se budi,
    ljubi me i znaj,
    ti si se sto sakam jas.

  9. #109
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    Quote Originally Posted by Vlada View Post
    [...]

    I - Ja
    You - Ti
    He - On
    She - Ona
    It - Ono
    [...]
    0 - nula
    Bardzo podobny do polskiego (очень похожий польскому языку):

    I - Ja - Ja
    You - Ti - Ty
    He - On - On
    She - Ona - Ona
    It - Ono - Ono

    We - Mi - My
    You - Vi - Wy
    They - Oni - Oni

    Numbers - brojevi - Liczebniki

    1 - jedan - jeden
    2 - dva - dwa
    3 - tri - trzy ('rz' near to 'tshy')
    4 - četiri (Č like CHat, CHoose) - cztery ('cz' like Charm)
    5 - pet - pięć
    6 - šest (Š = sh, like SHe) - sześć ('sz' like She; 'ś' like s', e.g. in russian '-сь'; 'ć' like c', e.g. in russian '-ць')
    7 - sedam - siedem
    8 - osam - osiem
    9 - devet - dziewięć ('ę' inexplicable in writing, one has to hear this sound, near to -oun- in word 'sound')
    10 - deset - dziesięć

    привет !
    всего хорошего !

  10. #110
    Senior Member baskarukebaskanoge's Avatar
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    Here is an interesting fact:

    The one and only Serbian word which is used worldwide is VAMPIR
    (you all understand it)


  11. #111
    Senior Member Nur_Demir's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by baskarukebaskanoge View Post
    Here is an interesting fact:

    The one and only Serbian word which is used worldwide is VAMPIR
    (you all understand it)

    hahaha .. yep I understand that one .. how funny ..
    Ostani do kraj,
    cekaj go denot nov sto se budi,
    ljubi me i znaj,
    ti si se sto sakam jas.

  12. #112
    Senior Member Vlada's Avatar
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    I am - Ja sam
    You are - Ti si
    He is - On je
    She is - Ona je
    It is - Ono je

    We are - Mi smo
    You are - Vi ste
    They are - Oni su

    but

  13. #113
    Senior Member Vlada's Avatar
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    Past tense (PROŠLO VREME)

    I am + Infinitive without TI, ĆI + O,LA,LO,LI,LE,LA (sounds funny )


    O, LA, LO (singular)

    Sing - Peva-ti

    For men

    Ja sam peva-o
    Ti si peva-o
    On je peva-o

    For women

    Ja sam peva-la
    Ti si peva-la
    Ona je peva-la

    And for It just
    Ono je peva-lo (IT is only for some baby animals and things...)

    LI, LE, LA (plural)

    For men

    Mi smo peva-li
    Vi ste peva-li
    Oni su peva-li

    For women

    Mi smo peva-le
    Vi ste peva-le
    One su peva-le

    For It

    Ona su pevala

  14. #114
    Senior Member Vlada's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Zlatana View Post
    NB: I think you'll use sanjao/sanjala sam both to translate I have dreamt and I dreamt. Can someone tell me whether I'm right?
    You're right

  15. #115
    Member lifted's Avatar
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    I am Serbian but I don't understand all of the language (I'm from USA and my relatives don't like to teach me the language) I know some, but I was wondering about some things and then I found this forum! lol God Bless...but when i found this I totally forgot some of the things I want to know lol but what does "Sta Mi Radis" mean?

  16. #116
    Senior Member Nur_Demir's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by lifted View Post
    I am Serbian but I don't understand all of the language (I'm from USA and my relatives don't like to teach me the language) I know some, but I was wondering about some things and then I found this forum! lol God Bless...but when i found this I totally forgot some of the things I want to know lol but what does "Sta Mi Radis" mean?
    Što radiš - I believe is how are you.
    and with the little knowledge I have I believe sta mi radis is similar - how are you .. maybe polite tense. the native speakers please correct me if I am wrong .. as it will help me learn better ..
    Ostani do kraj,
    cekaj go denot nov sto se budi,
    ljubi me i znaj,
    ti si se sto sakam jas.

  17. #117
    Senior Member baskarukebaskanoge's Avatar
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    "Šta radiš?" means "What are you doing?"... it just goes with "How are you?"="Kako si?" when we meet someone or start a phone call. So it's like "What's up?"

    "mi" is the short form of "meni" which means "to me".

    So, literally that would mean "What are you doing to me". Actually, we insert that "mi" when speaking with someone close to us, someone who we love etc.

    So that remains "What are you doing", with an expression of closeness.

    When we want to ask someone about someone else, sometimes we use "ti" (short form of "tebi"="to you"). For example:

    What is Petar doing?=Šta (ti) radi Petar?
    We use "ti" only if the person who are we talking with is close to Petar.

    Also, when we want to ask about someone's father, mother, brother... we usually insert "ti" with the meaning "your":

    What is your father doing?=Šta radi tvoj otac?=Šta ti radi otac?

    Version with "tvoj" sounds a little bit more formal.

    Other personal pronouns (their dative forms) can be used in this way too.
    Last edited by baskarukebaskanoge; 07-28-2008 at 06:27 AM.

  18. #118
    Senior Member Nur_Demir's Avatar
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    Smile Croatian homework corrections please

    Can someone look at my homework and let me know if I have it correct. if not please correct me.
    Hvala ti puno.

    dobar - day
    Adam - Adam
    mama - mum/mom/mommy
    da - yes
    tamo - where/there
    san - sleep/rest
    tata - dad/daddy
    danas - today/nowadays
    dom - house/dome/chamber/center
    ton - ton/note/tune
    to - it/that/this
    sto - 100 (is there a difference between sto and što?)
    tko - which/who
    lako - easy
    tako - so
    pola - half
    moda - latest/style/fashion
    doktor - doctor
    rano - early
    malo - a little
    da li šte - do you
    ne tako dobro - not so well
    vrlo dobro - very well
    ta - this
    Ostani do kraj,
    cekaj go denot nov sto se budi,
    ljubi me i znaj,
    ti si se sto sakam jas.

  19. #119
    Senior Member Nur_Demir's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by lifted View Post
    I am Serbian but I don't understand all of the language (I'm from USA and my relatives don't like to teach me the language) I know some, but I was wondering about some things and then I found this forum! lol God Bless...but when i found this I totally forgot some of the things I want to know lol but what does "Sta Mi Radis" mean?
    where about in the usa are you? I am in Texas - maybe we can help each other learn.
    Ostani do kraj,
    cekaj go denot nov sto se budi,
    ljubi me i znaj,
    ti si se sto sakam jas.

  20. #120
    Senior Member baskarukebaskanoge's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Nur_Demir View Post
    Can someone look at my homework and let me know if I have it correct. if not please correct me.
    Hvala ti puno.

    dobar - day
    tamo - where/there
    san - sleep/rest
    dom - house/dome/chamber/center
    ton - ton/note/tune
    to - it/that/this
    sto - 100 (is there a difference between sto and što?)
    moda - latest/style/fashion
    da li šte - do you
    ta - this
    dobar=good
    tamo=there
    san can also be a dream
    i would say that dom means home
    moda is fashion; style is stil
    da li ste (not šte)- are you, did you...
    "do you" would be just "da li" + correct form of the verb
    the first difference between sto and što are in pronounciation (š=sh, like in sheep). Sto is, like you said, a number. Što means what.

    to=it
    ta=this, but only for feminine gender.

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